Summerschool Aachen 2004/Forensics Lab

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Notes on Presentations

Notes on Lab Session

Analysing the ufs.image.gz file system image

I looked at the image ufs.image (available from here). First I tried to recognise what file system it is. For this I used the header file fs.h that contains the structures and magic fields of the ufs and ufs2 file systems.

I first looked for the magic value of ufs2 ("0x19540119"). Just to check I looked for the ufs (1) magic value ("0x011954") which was not found.

George@GD216 ~/hdimage
$ xxd.exe -a -g 4 ufs.image | grep "19015419"
0044550: 00000000 00000000 00000000 19015419  ..............T.

I then looked for the cylinder groups in the file system. The records have the following structure:

#define CG_MAGIC        0x090255
442 struct cg {
443         int32_t  cg_firstfield;         /* historic cyl groups linked list */
444         int32_t  cg_magic;              /* magic number */
445         int32_t  cg_old_time;           /* time last written */
446         int32_t  cg_cgx;                /* we are the cgx'th cylinder group */
447         int16_t  cg_old_ncyl;           /* number of cyl's this cg */
448         int16_t  cg_old_niblk;          /* number of inode blocks this cg */
449         int32_t  cg_ndblk;              /* number of data blocks this cg */
450         struct  csum cg_cs;             /* cylinder summary information */
451         int32_t  cg_rotor;              /* position of last used block */
452         int32_t  cg_frotor;             /* position of last used frag */
453         int32_t  cg_irotor;             /* position of last used inode */

Looking for the magic number yields 4 cylinder groups. Note that the second, third and fourth have been modified at the same time (probably when the file system was created - time 1096997352), while the first one was modified subsequently (time 1096997738). Therefore we should look for interesting files in there!

George@GD216 ~/hdimage
$ xxd.exe -a -g 4 ufs.image | grep "55020900"
0008000: 00000000 55020900 6adb6241 00000000  ....U...j.bA....
040c000: 00000000 55020900 e8d96241 01000000  ....U.....bA....
0810000: 00000000 55020900 e8d96241 02000000  ....U.....bA....
0c14000: 00000000 55020900 e8d96241 03000000  ....U.....bA....

reiserfs read-only mount

mount seems to change reiserfs only if it operates on a device. If you access the file directly the image won't change. If you don't use -o ro the image will certainly change.

# no change 
mount -o loop,ro -t reiserfs testreiser test

# change
losetup /dev/loop0 testreiser
mount -o ro -t reiserfs /dev/loop0 test

# certain change
mount -o loop -t reiserfs testreiser test

lab session 12

So far I've analysed the ufs.image.gz file and ISO9660.cdr. The ufs.image is a plain 16MB UFS filesystem image. It contains one normal file '/test.txt', a snapshot directory with an empty file '/.snap/bla.txt' and a deleted file '/deleted.txt'. test.txt contains the standard output of a ping to deleted.txt is empty and was last changed at 2004.10.05 17:35:38 (UTC). From the filesystem meta information you can see that the volume was last mounted on /mnt/test0.

The name ISO9660.cdr is misleading, because this file doesn't contain a CD image but a FAT12 filesystem, created on MS-DOS 5. The image still contains some undeleted files.

ls -lR:

total 68
drwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   4096 Dec 31  1979 DCIM
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel      0 Oct  5 12:06 Google Search- urteil kim schmitz.webloc
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  63140 Oct  5 12:08 kimble.txt

total 0

total 8
drwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  4096 Dec 31  1979 100CANON
drwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  4096 Aug  6  2001 CANONMSC 
total 2708
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   371091 Aug  6  2001 IMG_0001.JPG
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  2388398 Aug  6  2001 MVI_0002.AVI
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel     7490 Aug  6  2001 MVI_0002.THM

total 12
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel  4637 Aug  6  2001 100.CTG
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel   383 Aug  6  2001 D.CTG

The DCIM directory contains two jpegs and a divx - a picture of christian klein, a picture of some street taken from inside a house and a video showing the same street for some seconds. the jpegs also have exif tags attached.

From the following output you can see, that the disk was originally mounted as drive D:...

[cc@bambleweeny /mnt/yyy/DCIM/CANONMSC]$ strings 100.CTG 

The file 'kimble.txt' contains the text of a criminal conviction against Kim Schmitz and some other guy. Moreover there are two deleted files on the disk, '3790-118663715-1.txt' and 'kimble-.txt'. The first one seems to be the same as kimble.txt and the second one is empty or not restoreable. The google files from the directory listing above also contain information related to 'kimble.txt'. It seems like it has been posted in a news group, probably by Andreas Bogk.

ps.: wiki sucks.

--Cpunkt 16:43, 5 Oct 2004 (CEST)